Dealing with construction permites in Ogun state-Building a ware house

Below is a detailed summary of the procedures, time and costs to build a warehouse. This includes obtaining necessary licenses and permits, completing required notifications and inspections and obtaining utility connections.

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No. Procedure Time to Complete Associated Costs
1 Obtain an Environmental Impact Assessment Report from a registered town planner

BuildCo hires a registered town planner to analyze the site and draft an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Report. The EIA report lists the potential impact of the project on the environment, such as the noise, traffic and increase in human density issues that might arise as a result of the development. In order to draft the report, the town planner first verifies the site plan (attached to the Certificate of Occupancy) as well as the preliminary drawings prepared by BuildCo’s architects and engineers, before conducting an on-site inspection. If deemed necessary, he may conduct interviews with relevant stakeholders living in the area. After the inspection, the town planner drafts the EIA report, and gives 3 copies to BuildCo, and retains one copy for himself.

5 days
2 Swear deposition on the application form before the Commission for Oaths

BuildCo has to swear deposition on the application forms before the Commissioner for Oaths, in order to attest the authenticity of its ownership of the property in question.

1 day
3 Apply for a development permit at the Urban and Physical Planning Board

In order to obtain a development permit, BuildCo must submit a duly completed application form to the Urban and Physical Planning Board, along with the following documents:

a. Proof of ownership (such as a Certificate of Occupancy);
b. Survey plan (attached to the Certificate of Occupancy);
c. Five sets of drawings, including:
– Architectural designs (site plan, floor plans, elevations, sections, storm drainage system, construction details, and doors and windows schedules), duly signed by a registered architect;
– Structural designs (design calculations, foundation layout, structural details on beams, columns, staircases, etc.), duly signed by a registered structural engineer;
– Electrical designs (lighting and power load calculation, power point layout, lighting point layout, and schedule of fittings and fixtures), duly signed by a registered electrical engineer;
– Mechanical engineering designs (load calculations, waste disposal layout, soil disposal layout, and schedule of sanitary fittings), duly signed by a registered mechanical engineer;
d. Environmental Impact Assessment Report;
e. Three-year tax clearance certificate;
f. Evidence of payment of the development levy.

The documents are collected by the registry of the Urban and Physical Planning Board. BuildCo is given a payment order to be submitted to and paid at the “Point of Payment” inside the Urban and Physical Planning Board. After payment, BuildCo is given a teller credit – or bank receipt – to be submitted back to the Urban and Physical Planning Board. Town planners, architects, surveyors and engineers from the Urban and Physical Planning Board review the application. An inspection will follow. Once the building approval has been granted, three copies of the drawing are given back to BuildCo to be kept on-site.

1 day
4 Receive a pre-approval inspection from the Urban and Physical Planning Board

After BuildCo’s application has been reviewed, the Urban and Physical Planning Board conducts an on-site inspection to verify that the plot reflects the details provided in the drawings and that the land is suitable for the proposed project. The inspectors draft a report in which the plot, roads, setback details, adjoining land and power and water connections are described. The report is then attached to the documents and drawings BuildCo submitted for approval, and forwarded to the Urban and Physical Planning Board for final review and approval.

1 day No cost
5 Obtain a development permit from the Urban and Physical Planning Board

After the inspection and the payments have been completed, the Urban and Physical planning board examines BuildCo’s application along with the report drafted by the inspectors. If deemed satisfactory, the Urban and Physical Planning Board issues BuildCo a building permit, along with 2 stamped copies of the building plans, an approval number to be displayed on the construction-site, and a set of forms to be submitted when applying for the Certificate of Completion and fitness for habitation.

7 days No cost
6 Dig a borehole to obtain water

The public water supply system is very unreliable. It is common practice for construction companies to hire the services of a private borehole company to drill and install a borehole of commercial capacity.

16 days
* 7 Set up a septic tank

BuildCo sets up a septic tank to establish sewerage.

14 days
8 Pay compensation to the natives

With the Land Use Act of 1978, the government appropriated land on which local tribes lived. Since then, in Abeokuta, construction companies wishing to develop a project must pay compensation to those natives, and hire some of them as masons or security guards on the site. Cost varies on a case by case basis, and highly depends on the negotiation skills of the construction company.

1 day
* 9 Receive an inspection at setting out level from the Urban and Physical Planning Board

Within 7 days from the issuance of the development permit approval, BuildCo must inform the Urban and Physical Planning of the date when the construction is planned to start. Prior to the inspection, BuildCo must display a board outside the site displaying the development permit number, a brief description of the project, the contact details of the owner and professionals involved in the project and the risk insurance number. During construction, inspectors are likely to inspect the site one or two times. As such, a copy of the approved plan must be kept on-site.

2 days No cost
10 Receive an inspection during construction from the Urban and Physical Planning Board

Inspections in Abeokuta do not follow any particular order. During construction, a team of inspectors from the Urban and Physical Planning Board – usually composed of a town planner, an architect and an engineer credit – randomly visits the site to ensure that the construction company has a building permit, that the project is duly supervised, and that the construction follows the specifications mentioned in the building plan previously provided by BuildCo. Construction work does not stop during the inspection.

1 day No cost
11 Receive an inspection during construction from the Urban and Physical Planning Board

Same as above.

1 day No cost
12 Request and receive a final inspection from the Urban and Physical Planning Board

When the construction is complete, BuildCo must apply to the Urban and Physical Planning Board for a Certificate of Completion and fitness for habitation. A simple written notification suffices. BuildCo notifies the Urban and Physical Planning Board that the construction is completed. A final inspection ensues, during which the Urban and Physical Planning Board ensures that BuildCo’s warehouse abide by the details provided in the drawings and by the safety and construction standards described in the law.

1 day No cost
13 Obtain a Certificate of Completion from the Urban and Physical Planning Board

After the final inspection, the Urban and Physical Planning Board issues BuildCo a Certificate of Completion attesting that the construction has been carried out according to the building plans submitted, and that BuildCo can now occupy the building.

1 day No cost
14 Obtain a permanent phone connection

Nigerian Telecommunications Limited (NITEL), the public company historically in charge of providing phone landlines in Nigeria, is no longer functioning. Most Nigerian companies use a cell phone, with a subscription to one of the operators available in the country (MTN, ZAIN, GLO or ETISALAT). The phone line can be connected at any time before and during the construction.

1 day

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